HUMAN DISEASES-BIOLOGY- TNPSC,TET,RRB,SSC SCIENCE (GK) STUDY MATERIAL

HUMAN DISEASES
I. BACTERIAL DISEASES TUBERCULOSIS

  • mycobacterium tuberculosis, infection in lungs that causes high fever.
  • BCG (bacillus – calmette-guerin) vaccine
    DIPHTHERIA
  • Mainly from 2-5 yrs, corynebacterium
    diphtheria.
  • using DPT vaccine (Diphtheria, whooping
    cough and tetanus)
    WHOOPING COUGH or Pertussis
  • Bacillus Pertussis
  • Use of DPT Vaccine
    CHOLERA
  • Vibrio comma
    DIARRHOEA
  • Pathogens responsible for these diseases are
    Escherichia coli, Shigella sp.,
    Campylobacteria and Salmonella
    LEPROSY or Hansen’s disease
  • rod –shaped bacterium Mycobacterium leprae.
    TETANUS
  • clostridiumtetani. Disease of the C.N.S. (also
    called lock-jaw)
  • ATS (Anti-tetanus serum) is prescribed
    PNEUMONIA
  • Streptococcus penumoniae
    TYPHOID
  • Caused by Salmonella typhi which is found
    in the intestine of humans.
  • Vaccine TAB (Typhoid Para A & B)
    PLAGUE
  • Plague is primarily a disease of rat. It is
    caused by rod shaped bacterium Pasteurella/
    Yersineapestis
    ANTHRAX
  • Bacillus anthracis
  • It is most common in agricultural regions
    where it occurs in animals, but it can also
    occur in humans.
    GONORRHOEA
  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It is transmitted
    through sexual contace (It is an infection of
    the mucous membrane of the urinogenital
    tract)
    BIOLOGY
    Compiled by Rex Christopher 3
  • It may result in female sterility.
    SYPHILIS
  • Sexual disease caused by a bacteria,
    TreponemaPilludum, transmitted through
    sexual contacts.
    II. VIRAL DISEASES
    MUMPS
  • caused by a virus : Paramyxovirus.
    MEASLES
  • rubeola virus.
    CHICKEN POX
  • Varicella-zoster virus
    POLIOMYELITIS
  • enterovirus
    INFLUENZA (or FLU)
  • influenza virus.
  • Orthomyxoviridae.
    COMMON COLD
  • Rhinovirus (‘rhino’ means nose) which
    belongs to picornavirus group.
    RABIES (Hydrophobia)
  • Caused by RNA virus called Rabies virus.
  • Vaccine against rabies was developed by
    Louis Pasteur
    HEPATITIS
  • viral infection of liver.
  • Hepatitis A (epidemic jaundice): hepatitis A
    virus (HAV).
  • Hepatitis B (Serum hepatitis) : hepatitis B
    virus (HBV)
    DENGUE FEVER
    RNA containing dengue virus. It is transmitted by
    the bite of female tiger mosquito Aedesaegypti
    during day time.
    YELLOW FEVER
  • Arbovirus. It is haemorrhagic disease
    transmitted by the infected Aedesaegypti.
    III. PROTOZOAN DISEASES
    MALARIA – Chloraquin vaccine
  • Anopheles mosquito only female anopheles
  • Quinane, a product of Cinchona tree, is
    administered for Malaria.
    KALA AZAR (Leishmaniasis)
  • Leishmaniadonovani. sandfly
    (Phlebotomus)
  • dumdum fever
    GIARDIASIS
  • Giardia intestinalis (first parasitic protozoan
    known) .
    Trypanosomiasis
  • Trypanosoma. Main disease is Gambian
    fever or West African sleeping sickness the
    vector of which is Tsetse.
    AMOEBIASIS (Amoebic dysentry or
    Enteritis)
  • Entamoebahistolytica
    HELMINTHIC DISEASES
    Ascariasis
  • Ascarislumbricoides (Vector: Cockroach and
    Files)
    Filariasis
  • Wucherariabancrofti. Transmitted by female
    Culex mosquito
  • Elephantiasis
    Taeniasis
  • Taeniasolium (or pork tapeworm)
    Transmitted by pig.
    V. FUNGAL DISEASES
    Ringworm
  • Caused by Microsporum.
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